The U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry & Security (BIS)
At the last Export Control Seminar in Salt Lake City, Secretary Penny Pritzker addressed why export controls are necessary for safety and national competitiveness. The duty of how to address proliferation and keep the most sensitive goods and technologies out of dangerous hands falls to the BIS. The BIS is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of most commercial items, often referred to as dual-use items. Here’s the rub: dual-use items may have both commercial and military applications.